Gold, Silver, and Jewels Recently Discovered from Historic Sunken Ship in the Bahamas

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Carl Allen and his team have recovered gold, silver, jewels, and other artifacts from the wreckage of the Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas that sank off the Bahamas on January 4, 1656.

“I’ve been going to the Bahamas since I was 12 years old,” says Carl Allen, founder of Allen Exploration and owner of Walker’s Cay in the Bahamas, over drinks on board his 164-foot-long yacht GIGI on a steamy day in Ft. Lauderdale recently. “We came across the Gulf Stream on an old trawler and I still remember how the colors of the Bahama banks hit me like a wave. I’ve been hooked ever since.”

Carl poses with an uncut amethyst that was discovered among the scattered wreckage
Carl and Gigi Allen examine an uncut amethyst that was discovered among the scattered wreckage of a historic shipwreck in the Bahamas.

In fact, “hooked” may be the perfect description of the successful businessman, sport fisherman, history buff, and philanthropist who’s spent a good chunk of time on board his impressive fleet of yachts in his beloved Bahamas recently. GIGIis the Westport he bought for his wife Gigi as soon as he sold his rather valuable company several years ago. But GIGIisn’t even the largest yacht in his fleet.

He bought the 183-foot-long Damen Support Vessel AXIS to shadow GIGI. But more importantly, AXIS is also there to help feed Allen’s passion for history and underwater archeology. AXIS has been specifically equipped with everything from a Triton submarine and Icon A5 seaplane to a state-of-the-art dive center so he and his Allen Exploration team can explore what’s beneath the sand and shallow waters of the Bahamas.

A large gold chain held in hand
One of the most stunning artifacts Allen and his team have found so far is this 5-foot, 9-inch long gold chain that weighs almost two pounds.

And they have already made some historic finds. In fact, they’re just about to the Bahamas Maritime Museum in Freeport, Grand Bahama to display numerous priceless artifacts he and his team have recovered from the Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas that sank off the Bahamas on January 4, 1656. 

As you might guess of a passionate underwater explorer, Allen is a wonderful combination of realist, romantic, and history buff. He’s a realist when he talks about how hard, frustrating, and expensive recovering artifacts (using AXIS and other boats) that have been strewn across countless miles of open ocean can be. “It’s like searching for a needle…in a desert… underwater,” he says.

a preserved jar with two rows of gemstones in front of it
This fully preserved jar and countless uncut gemstones are only a small taste of what has been recovered so far.

But he’s a romantic when he talks about the myth of the Maravillas that’s occupied his imagination since he was young. And he’s a total history buff when he starts talking about what life must have been like in 1656. In fact, he can talk for hours—from memory—about all the historical documents that the archeologists he works with have found (and translated from 17th century Spanish) that paint a detailed picture of who the crew and passengers were, as well as list the large number of gold and silver coins, silver bars and loose gemstones, and many other artifacts it was carrying when it sank.

Archaeologists examining the artifacts
Allen Exploration lead marine archaeologist James Sinclair (left) believes the large gold chain was probably crafted by Chinese craftsmen in the Philippines.

One of the most stunning artifacts Allen and his team have found so far is a 5-foot, 9-inch long gold chain that weighs almost two pounds that was likely intended for a wealthy aristocrat or even royalty. Allen Exploration lead marine archaeologist James Sinclair believes it was probably crafted by Chinese craftsmen in the Philippines and then exported to Spain by way of Mexico.

A closeup of a pendant found at the Bahamas wreckage site
Numerous one-of-a-kind artifacts like this pendant will be on display in the Bahamas Maritime Museum.

Other one-of-a-kind finds to be on display in the museum will include a gold pendant with the Cross of Santiago that was designed in the form of a scallop shell.  A second gold pendant found features a gold cross over a large Colombian emerald. The outer edge is framed by 12 more square emeralds, perhaps symbolizing the 12 apostles.

A closeup of a pendant found at the Bahamas wreckage site
This gold pendant features a large Colombian emerald.

“When we brought up the oval emerald and gold pendants, I literally couldn’t breathe for 30 seconds,” says Allen. “I feel a greater connection with the everyday finds than coins and jewels, but these Santiago finds bridge both worlds. The pendant mesmerizes me when I hold it and think about its history.”

Archaeologists examining a large silver bar
James Sinclair examines one of the large silver bars that have been discovered among the scattered debris.

Since Allen’s team includes experienced marine archaeologists like James Sinclair, they’re learning more about the history every day. And since his team has also plotted over 8,800 magnetometer targets across three search areas measuring around 55 square miles each, they’ve only scratched the surface of what artifacts they still may find. The best news is that the position of every artifact is tagged and mapped when it’s brought up, so they’re recovering and preserving priceless history as well.

The Damen Support Vessel AXIS sailing in the Bahamas
The Damen Support Vessel AXIS.

“Piecing together what’s left of the Maravillas is a long process,” Sinclair adds. “The ship may have been obliterated by past salvage and hurricanes. But we’re convinced there are more stories out there. Allen Exploration just discovered its first solid silver bar that weighs about 70 pounds. Most importantly, everything discovered is treated with the same respect and mapped in georeferenced databases. Now we’re connecting the dots, for the first time plotting how the Maravillas broke up in 1656 and became a scattered wreck.”

Unlike former recovery projects that were purely commercial, Allen Exploration has a strict permit from the government of the Bahamas and is committed to keeping its entire collection together for public display. Nothing is being sold. In fact, quite the opposite. Allen has also purchased a collection owned by a former investor and a rare bronze Spanish navigational astrolabe found off Lucaya Beach that will be on display as well.

An image of the display at the Bahamas Maritime Museum
The new Bahamas Maritime Museum has been built to display significant finds from the Maravillas and other wrecks.

“For a nation built from the ocean, it’s astonishing how little is understood about the Bahamas’ maritime links,” says Dr. Michael Pateman, Director of the Bahamas Maritime Museum. “Few know that the Indigenous Lucayan peoples, for instance, settled in the Bahamas 1,300 years ago. Or that the whole population, up to 60,000 people, was forced out by Spanish guns, made to dive for pearls off Venezuela, and killed off in less than three decades. There was a dazzling Old World in the Bahamas long before European ships thought they found a New World. The Lucayans, slave trade, pirates, and the Maravillas are core stories we’re sharing in the museum.”

“It’s definitely been a childhood dream to be doing what I’m doing now,” Allen says. “But Gigi and I started with our love of the Bahamas. We helped out after the hurricanes hit and during the pandemic, too, and finding and preserving these artifacts is way bigger than just Gigi and me. We’ve been building our operation for years. We’ve got the right people that are doing it the right way. And we’re doing some of the best archeological data recording that’s ever been done.”

Now that the Bahamas Maritime Museum will be open on August 8th, Allen will be sharing these one-of-a-kind finds with the world.

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